How To Become A Real Crime Scene Technician

The popularity of those true-crime and crime scene technician programs on television have not only attracted a large audience of loyal fans, but have also inspired thousands of students to enter criminal law, forensic sciences, and law enforcement schools, all in hopes of joining the ranks of forensic lab and field technicians across the country. Because the field is so varied, the training can literally come from a host of different sources, and will continue on past gaining the necessary degrees or certifications, so that they can readily keep up with the ever-changing technology.

The skills you will learn in school to become a crime scene investigator are so needed these days that any certification or degree will easily lead to a career that is much in demand. Law enforcement, legal practices and even the federal government have openings for dedicated forensics professionals from all walks of life, and education.

Where to Begin Your Crime Scene Technician Training

There are so many different ways to begin your training in forensic science. Enrolling in any technical school that offers classes in criminal justice is one way to begin. Attending an accredited college or university program is another. And, these days, you can even begin your job training online, at your own pace, allowing you to take care of your beginning classes, and formal training over whatever period of time you require.

Beginning with criminal justice training is the smartest way, as you will be learning everything that you will need to be part of law enforcement, the largest employers of technician anywhere. This type of background is essential to your formal training to work in the field gathering evidence, securing crime scenes and interviewing potential witnesses as part of your daily job description.

Career Education Requirements

Before you can get into the science of forensic technology itself, you should have a good knowledge of the physical sciences, chemistry, biology, math and anatomy physiology. Along with this course of study, outside of the technology itself, the best school to enter after the general courses are behind you, is the school of criminal justice.

Because most crime scene investigator and technician positions are actually filled within law enforcement, it is essential that any student planning on having this kind of specialized career study the first couple of years as if they were becoming a police officer in the field. In some jurisdictions, the CSI functions as operating police officers in emergency situations, so all of this training will come in handy, even if the television shows may tell you otherwise.

Criminal Justice Training

You can either attend an actual criminal justice school, or complete the necessary criminal justice courses online while you complete the technical and science requirements at a university. However you wish to do so the bulk of your criminal justice training should include as many of the following courses as you can complete for the full spectrum of training available:

Criminal Law
Crime Scene Evidence
Criminal Investigation
Crime Scene Photography
Evidence Collection
Evidence Analysis and Interpretation

The next set of courses only requires that you show a proficiency in, so that you can work with law enforcement agencies, while pursuing your main career:

Shooting
Defensive Tactics
First Aid
Fingerprinting, including applications, techniques and interpretation
Bloodstain Analysis
Forensic Photography
Footwear Identification Proficiency

Employment Outlook and Opportunities

There are a large number of crimes that occur unfortunately on a regular basis that will require the specialized expertise of a crime scene technician. Assaults, burglaries, rapes, kidnappings, suicides, vehicular crimes, and murder will all allow you to utilize every skill you have learned so that you can be an important part of the investigation team.

Job opportunities for professional technicians can be found in law enforcement, fire departments, pathology labs, hospitals, medical examiners offices, and even insurance and detective agencies. This means that the current outlook is very good, and the number of openings is expected to grow over the next few years, as the field expands.

All About Silicon Carbide Ceramic

In 1891, it was a eureka moment for Edward Goodrich Acheson when he accidentally discovered Silicon Carbide. This amazing compound was produced in form of bright green crystals, hard enough to cut glass and even diamond. It was the first man-made abrasive and was initially used to polish gems. It has been used in so many fields like automobile parts, fuel for production of steel, high voltage parts and so on. One such use is in the production of Ceramics. This article aims to shed some light on these kinds of Ceramics. We will discuss its uses, benefits, and applications. Let’s begin.

What is “Silicon Carbide Ceramics”?

Silicon Carbide Ceramics are black in color and have high strength. These are believed to be the hardest. These have thermal shock resistance better than alumina. These hard ceramics consist of grains of SiC bound together with the help of Sintering.

What are its uses?

Ceramics that are based on Silicon Carbide are used for manufacturing of articles that are going to be subjected to intense mechanical wear and extremely high temperatures. These can maintain mechanical strength at the high temperature of 1400 C. These are widely used in many industries like nuclear power, machine building, and metal.

How are these Ceramics produced?

They are produced by two methods:

  • Reaction Bonded
  • Sintered – The main method to form ceramics that are based on Silicon Carbide is high-temperature sintering of SiC powder with various binding additives. Given below are the most widely used types of ceramics and the mode of their preparation.
  • Silicon Nitride Bonded- It is produced from a mixture of Silicon Carbide granules and Silicon, in a nitrogen atmosphere at a temperature below the melting point of Silicon.
  • Reaction Bonded- It is made from granules Silicon Carbide and fine powder of silicon and graphite. Heat treatment carried out in 1500- 1650 C.
  • Direct Sintered- A pulp-like material is prepared from – SiC powder, synthesizing additives of boron and aluminum, various binding agents and carbon-containing additives. The pulp is used to make the required pieces by drying at the temperature of 2050 C.
  • Composite Bonded- Fine powder of pure SiC is mixed with Silicon and binding material. Heated in a nitrogen environment at a temperature above 1350 C.

Benefits of Silicon Carbide based Ceramics:

  • These have High Thermal Conductivity
  • Have Low Thermal Expansion.
  • Have Excellent thermal shock resistance.
  • Are known for their Hardness.
  • Possess properties of a Semiconductor.
  • RI (Refractive Index) is greater than that of a diamond.

Application of Silicon-Based Ceramics:

  • Wear-resistant nozzles and other wear parts.
  • Thermocouple protection tubes.
  • Kiln system components.
  • Faucet washers.
  • Ceramic armor protection systems.
  • Heating elements.
  • Bearings for high temperatures.
  • Used in thin filament pyrometry and steel production.

Sic has the highest corrosion resistance out of all the ceramic materials. Their superior properties for power devices have revolutionized the power electronics industry. Though it was accidentally discovered, it sure has made a concrete place for itself. Isn’t it? Let us know your views.

Dynamic Packaging for Travel and Hospitality Industry

The concept of Dynamic Packaging is to bundle all the components chosen by the aspiring traveler and create one reservation. Regardless of where the inventory originates, the package that is created is handled seamlessly as one transaction, and requires only one payment from the consumer.

To a traveler, there is nothing better than a one stop shop for his traveling needs. The Dynamic Packaging Engine uses a travel component inventory and prices. Regardless of where the inventory originates, the package that is created is handled seamlessly as one transaction, and requires only one payment from the consumer. It automatically applies rules defined by the suppliers and the travel marketer to build and price travel packages. This package configuration process determines which components are used, what combinations of components are allowed or required, and handles inclusions such as taxes, fees or additional package features. Rules also determine how the final retail price is computed.

CAPABILITIES

A typical dynamic packaging application will need the following capabilities:

1. Search and Availability

2. Memberships

3. Shopping Cart

4. Booking and Reservations

5. Payments

6. Cancellations

SEARCH AND AVAILABILITY

A traveler always seeks a destination. Even though he may well be aware of where he needs to go to, he will search for the most appropriate place to stay and enjoy his visit. The search starts with a Transportation and Travel components, Hotel Property, Leisure Components. The search therefore has to be divided geographically to include destinations and neighboring destinations that meet the search criteria. An example search could be travel to New York City, stay at Stamford, Connecticut, Golf at upstate New York. Clearly the Dynamic Packaging engine needs to know the dates of travel, from and to destinations, closest airport to hotel, rental car or other desired ground transportation from selected airport to hotel and access to tee times at the neighboring golf courses. Like the traveler, businesses also seek travel related information.

Travel Agents, Call Centers, and Meeting Planners need packaged information on behalf of their clients. Such a search is riddled with rules and complexity. Besides, the customer needs to have choices that can vary from comfort to price and everything else in between.

1. Proximity: The search uses parameters that can narrow down possibilities yet offer extended possibilities. In our search example, Westchester Airport would have been the best choice. La Guardia airport would be an ideal choice. JFK and Newark and Teterboro are the next choices from a distance to Hotel point of view.

2. Fare and Rates: The traveler will look for the best fare. In our example though Westchester is close to the hotel, offers limited Airlines and perhaps not the best fares. Some fares maybe very attractive, however when it comes to flexibility and cancellation they are not the best. Flexibility of change, penalties associated with change and cancellation are important factors to include in the search results.

3. Travel Times: That’s another important factor for the business traveler. How many flights are there to the airport and at what intervals. Check in times and total time to travel also helps in determining his choice. Therefore non-connecting and connecting flights with layover times need to figure in the search.

4. Accessibility: Another key factor often not paid attention to is accessibility. Physically impaired travelers, people who need meals on a flight, wheelchair access, and quick access to rental cars or trains or ground transportation play a very important role in travel. Do the hotel(s) have wheelchair access? Is it possible to get ground transportation to destined hotel that has wheelchair access?

5. Amenities: Does the hotel offer standard amenities like restaurants, swimming pool, health parlors, spa, fax and printing, broadband Internet access etc? Similarly does the rental car come with GPS, insurance, inter state travel? Does the Golf Course allow only cart access? Are ski rentals available near the resort? The inclusion of amenities in a search result ensures the traveler is not in for surprises at the first lap of travel.

6. Prepackaged: You want to travel, stay in a semi luxury hotel, play golf, why search for each individually. A prepackaged deal would also be more attractive than customizing the travel. Perhaps cheaper.

Travel should be far from being hostile. It is after all a home away from home. A home is a pivotal source for living and entertainment. One uses the home and its peripheral surroundings to make the best of living. The travel destinations and the mode of travel should be as non hostile and as hospitable as is possible. A dynamic packaging should offer a wealth of choices to the traveler yet not inundate the traveler with so much information that he/she is nervous wreck at the end of an itinerary creation.

ACTORS

From the above description one can determine who the obvious actors are in this case.

1. The Traveler

2. GDS (Airlines and Hotels Rate Distribution)

3. Airlines

4. Car Rental Companies

5. Hotel Central Reservation

6. Tour Operators (Buses, Ground Transportation)

7. Proprietary Aggregators (like Golf, Ski etc.)

MORE ACTORS

The Dynamic Packaging should be capable of extending the services for business-to business operations. Which would imply that our actors now are?

8. Travel Agents and Meeting Planners

9. Call Center Agents.

SHOPPING CART

The key item in dynamic packaging is the Shopping Cart. The results of search can be selected and added as line items in the shopping cart. It bundles all the components chosen by the traveler to create one reservation. This shopping cart based vacation builder allows comparison shopping of packages that can include plane tickets, hotel rooms, rental cars, insurance, attraction tickets and other features. Regardless of where the inventory originates, the package that is created is handled seamlessly as one transaction, and requires only one payment from the consumer. It automatically applies rules defined by the suppliers and the travel marketer to build and price travel packages. This package configuration process determines which components are used, what combinations of components are allowed or required, and handles inclusions such as taxes, fees or additional package features.

What Are The Ways To Get Quality Backlinks (Dofollow Backlinks)?

The basic and important thing is for you to produce / write great content / articles, (content that has relevance and value to your target audience) then you can get more people to link to it. You have to earn them. Search engines will then rate your website as one of authority – a go to website for information of a particular field/category. (Backlinks can also be called hyperlinks, incoming links, inbound links, or just links-they all mean the same thing and are also dofollow backlinks)

You can get quality backlinks in the following ways:

1. Article Marketing

  • only do article marketing on relevant websites;
  • submit your articles to reputable and quality article directories that are well established and have authority in search engines;
  • make effective use of anchor text when trying to promote your website through article marketing;

2. Social Media

  • Many social bookmarking and social networking sites have a high page rank. This rank will flow to your account.
  • You can get a lot of quality backlinks by making use of social bookmarking and social networking sites.

3. Press release

  • If properly done, you can get a lot of quality backlinks from press release sites because they are supplying content to a lot of smaller sites. This means more exposure and more quality backlinks for you.
  • You should make sure you have a newsworthy and attractive title. This will make more people interested in your press release.

4. Document Sharing Sites

  • A great way to get quality backlinks to your site is by submitting your articles and eBooks to document sharing websites.
  • You can do this by compiling your blog posts as PDF files and uploading them to file sharing websites (thereby leaving a backlink to your website).

5. Guest blogging

  • Guest blogging is another great way to build quality one-way backlinks to your website. Unlike article marketing, the backlinks built through guest blogging are usually of high quality and authority.
  • This is because blogs you will be guest posting for should be those that are highly trusted by Google. You need to identify sites that might take your guest post by scoping out your competitors’ guest posts. You do this by starting an advanced Google search, using the author’s name in quotation marks and the words “guest post” also in quotation marks. Include the author’s home domain with a minus sign in front so all those results will be excluded. Example: “Jay Baer” + “guest post” – jaybaer.com – convinceandconvert.com
  • If your competitor has already been featured on a site, there’s a good chance the same site will take you, too. Now that you’ve tracked down some sites, pitch to them via their “write for us” form or email the editor.
6. Commenting
  • This method can work to your advantage if you only write meaningful comments of value to the readers. Note that No-follow comments are useless for building backlinks.

7. Find great content and improve on it.

Make it better by – updating on the information; make it a longer – add new information, make it visually stunning – insert relevant interesting / illustrative images – eg. gif images. Then distribute it to the proper channels.

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Everyone Say Cheese!

Truly one of life’s great pleasures, who doesn’t like cheese. Stack it on your burger, add it to a sandwich,eat it plain, mix it in casseroles and that all-time favorite, mac and cheese, there is a type for every taste bud, age and budget. Dating back thousands of years B.C. cheese was first created by populations who herded milk-producing animals. The art of cheese making was refined over the centuries until it became a staple of Western Europeans, from the poor to the royals and everyone in between. Whether you’re an aficionado of fine gourmet cheeses, or an unapologetic fan of Velveeta, there’s nothing quite like it. Pity the lactose intolerant who have to pass on cheese..

Well, this time the Chinese were out of the loop. Cheese clearly was created in areas of Europe which are now Poland and its environs, possibly as far back as 7000 B.C. In all fairness, the Chinese did not use dairy and presumably didn’t herd milk-producing animals, so they had no hand in creating cheese or milk products at all.

Ancient herders discovered that milk solids could be turned into a cheese-like substance, and since cheese lasted far longer than milk, which easily spoiled, it was a popular food for travelers and shepherds. But early cheeses were undoubtedly bland, liquidy and probably resembled our present day cottage cheese. As cheese making processes were refined and different varieties created, this wonderful food took on a whole new persona. Greeks embraced cheese, which they made with sheep and goat’s milk, and their cheese tended to be crumbly, similar to present-day feta. Adding a few herbs to the milk mixture gave it flavor, and cheese traveled well, providing a good source of protein for their ancient armies.

Soon royalty had their chefs pursue the art of cheese making, and it spread through Western Europe, quickly embraced by the Roman Empire. Monks joined in, understanding that along with their staples of bread and wine, cheese provided a substantial meal in the monasteries. Once it reached France, a country synonymous with the word “cheese”, the French took it to a whole new level, enjoying the creamy textures and creating cuisine around the various varieties they produced (think Camembert, Brie and Roquefort). Today, every region of France boasts their own particular cheese.

And speaking of Roquefort, how many of us get confused by the different varieties and the interchangeable term “blue cheese?” Let’s clear this up. Blue cheese is basically a generic term. There are three major types: Roquefort (French), Gorgonzola (Italian) and Stilton (British). The U.S. was kind of left out with this variety, (but don’t tell that to people in Wisconsin). Roquefort and Gorgonzola are two variations of blue cheese. Roquefort is French, made from sheep’s milk, and Gorgonzola is Italian, made from cow’s milk. Roquefort has a sharpness, but not as strong and robust as Gorgonzola. And then there is Stilton. A popular British version, but considered to be a poor cousin in the eyes of cheese connoisseurs.

Originating in the village of Somerset, England, cheddar cheese is a hard, off-white, sharp-tasting natural cheese. (The orange color is added.) It is probably the most popular type in the U.S. and is what the so-called American cheese (which isn’t really cheese at all) is modeled after. Europeans enjoy cheddar in its natural white color and frequently end a meal with a plate of room temperature cheeses and fruits. Most foodies eschew American cheese, which adorns our fast food cheeseburgers and our beloved mac and cheese. And then there’s Velveeta, considered the bottom of the barrel (but great for cooking).

Not to be slighted, Switzerland caught up with France and created their own wonderful versions. Their most popular are Gruyere and Emmental, which is called Swiss cheese in the U.S.

With the popularity of wine these days, what better accompaniment than cheese? Whether you favor a sharp cheddar, a smooth Gouda, a tangy Swiss or a creamy Brie, there’s just no getting around it: say cheese!

4 Fashionable Styles With Men’s Leather Jackets

When you head out to the market, you will be surprised to find the variety of clothing options available these days. There are infinite styles and colors in most types of clothing. You could buy all of them if you had a king-sized closet and a millionaire dad, but since most people don’t have both and prefer to be smart while selecting which clothes to buy for their daily wear, it is best to mix and match articles of clothing for a unique look. One of such articles is leather jackets for men.

Men’s leather jackets can go with gloves, boots and trousers to give you a model-like look. Here are a few styles that you can try to pull off with your leather jacket.

1) Classic Dark Blue jeans and Black jacket: One of the oldest styles of matching clothes to get a handsome look is matching blue jeans with a black jacket. By old, it doesn’t mean that this style has come from the middle ages. This style is a biker’s favorite and has been used for more than a decade. The dark colors complement one another, earning you everyone’s admiration. As both leather jackets and jeans are tough clothing, they are mostly worn together for hiking and road trips. For footwear, black boots would give a perfect biker look. Even brown boots would look good with dark blue jeans and a black jacket.

2) Light blue jeans with light brown jacket: Light colors also look good on some people. Light blue jeans with a light brown leather jacket are a beautiful combination for men who have light brown hair. Brown flight and bomber jackets also look great with light blue jeans especially during winter. These colors are also ideal for men during summer because the scorching heat can be unbearable on the road.

3) Black jeans and black jacket: Unlike blue jeans, if you mix black jackets with black jeans, you will get a bad boy look. Add a black belt, and you will get an even more dashing look. These are ideal for tall men with fair complexion. The same colored jeans and jacket give a ‘one-piece look’, and displays a man’s height in a very attractive way. Hollywood movies and TV shows are full of entertainers who wear black jeans and jackets. This style was popularized by movies like “The Matrix” and personalities like The Undertaker the wrestler.

4) Dark blue jeans and dark brown jacket: This style owes its popularity to Hugh Jackman’s ‘wolverine’ character in the X-Men movies. This combination gives a great look, especially to men with dark brown hair. Dark brown boots also go well with these clothes.

Matching clothes sensibly is a great way to dress up for the road. Apart from those mentioned above, there are numerous other ways to match men’s leather jackets with the rest of your clothes. You can also make combination with belts, boots, leather gloves and leather coats. The possibilities are infinite; all you need is creativity and fashion sense.

Effective SEO Trends That Will Double Your Traffic

High rankings on SERP, search engine results pages, is what every business with an online presence hopes for. The higher you are ranked the more visible your brand will be relating into high traffic and increased conversions. SEO fortunately helps businesses achieve that and when you pay attention to your strategy; you will definitely pride yourself in the good positive results you get with search engine results.

Getting an SEO expert to help you out with your strategy could be the best starting point as the experts are equipped with the latest trends and tricks to help you get there. But even as you search for an expert in the optimization, it is also helpful to be aware of what trends are working currently and which ones are not. Below are a few of the most effective SEO trends you should embrace to double your traffic and enjoy great returns.

Videos for SEO

The videos are very entertaining and you therefore cannot go wrong with a high quality, informative video in your SEO strategy. Videos have a way of grabbing attention and when they are engaging enough, they will earn you very valuable traffic besides doubling it. All you have to do is ensure that it is easy for search engines to find the content and index it successfully so it is displayed when specific keywords are entered.

Mobile optimization

Audiences are no longer limited to one place and this cannot be ignored. If your website is not mobile friendly then you are losing out on lots of potential. A huge number of searches are done from mobile devices today. With a mobile friendly website, you can be sure to enjoy a huge boost on searches from the mobile devices. For this to work, you need to ensure that everything on your website including the colors and the fonts, graphics and the videos are mobile optimized. You will be surprised at just how rewarding this approach can be in doubling your traffic and increasing your ranks.

Mobile Apps

Mobile apps have taken over online digital media by a huge percent. A huge percent of internet users are actually spending more time using these apps and by exploring their advantages, you will be able to make SEO improvements. The apps make searches easier and hence more and more people prefer the native mobile apps over websites. In a mobile app, you can prominently feature your brand and include all proper links to enjoy better rankings. Mobile app optimization should also be given priority in SEO optimization for the trend to work successfully.

Voice search function

Voice searches are more convenient and many people today have embraced them, especially when trying to multitask. It is much easier to voice search than type in keywords making the searches very popular. You can use this to improve your traffic, but you need to be very careful in ensuring the content you have is searchable. Long-tail keywords are a much better choice for this trend over conventional ones.

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5 Things Divorcing Parents Should Know

When you had your child or children your life changed from being focused on yourself to suddenly having to consider how all your life choices would impact the kids. That is the way it should be. What is in the child’s best interest should always be a parent’s top priority especially when considering divorce. The first thing you should know is our adversarial legal system is not child focused or family friendly. The emotional and financial price you pay when you each hire separate divorce lawyers is higher than you can now imagine.

Before I became a divorce attorney I was a special education teacher. My Masters is in Special Education, focusing on teaching severely emotionally disturbed children, so I came to the law with a powerful bias to act only in the best interest of the children. The 2nd important fact to know is how comfortable so many divorce lawyers are in spending their client’s college fund instead of quickly and economically helping the couple to negotiate a fair deal. After 8 years of litigation and witnessing the total financial and emotional devastation of too many families I vowed to no longer take adversarial divorces and to do only divorce mediation. In the following 3 years, after working with over 150 couples with 100% success rate, I am convinced that divorce mediation should be the solution of first resort for 85% of the couples who are contemplating divorce. So the 3rd thing you need to know is there is an alternative to divorce court, mediation.

It is easier to deal with a situation when basic information is already known. In the 8 community property states (Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington and Wisconsin) property division is pretty clear. What ever was totally owned prior to marriage or received by gift or inheritance is separate property that goes to the spouse who owns it. If it was partially paid for using wages or income earned during the marriage, the “community” gains an interest in it that can be calculated. Division of property in community property states is one of the easiest issues to deal with because it is so clear cut. But what about the other 42 states? These states use an equitable distribution system to divide marital property. Each state has its own rules that can be ascertained prior to starting the divorce process. So there is some uncertainty in non community property states but an experienced lawyer/mediator generally knows what the court will do in most situations and can be a valuable guide to couples who are unfamiliar with the laws. The 4th thing to keep in mind is that there is no point in fighting over property division. You can protect your co-parenting relationship and end up with more property if you divide everything the way a neutral 3rd party (mediator) suggests.

In litigated divorce cases, child custody and visitation issues can be the most contentious and emotional. If the parents can agree to a custody arrangement, which they eventually do in 90% of custody cases, they can avoid court altogether. Why should a couple wait until they are on the courthouse steps to make a deal? Only 10% of custody cases are litigated. A couple could always seek the services of a child therapist to advise them instead of going to court. The courts typically apply a “best interest of the child” standard in determining who should get primary custody. Wouldn’t the parents themselves be in the best position to decide how their children should be raised? When a couple works together in mediation they are in control of the final outcome, not lawyers or judges. When the couple has an intention to effectively co-parent by always keeping the best interest of the child foremost in their mind, they will produce a much more satisfying outcome than if a solution is imposed upon them from above. Child custody issues are the most inappropriate issues to be decided within an adversarial system. The win/lose game that is played in court always results in tension between the parents. Not only will this tension negatively affect the health and happiness of the parents but the children will be caught in the middle of a battle, ducking verbal and emotional bullets as they fly over their heads. The adversarial system does not protect the co-parenting relationship of parents and should be avoided if at all possible. An emotionally vulnerable client in the hands of a “zealous advocate” who is more concerned with enriching themselves than in helping their client is a dangerous combination. The last thing to keep in mind is that avoiding divorce attorneys and court should be the #1 priority if you want to protect your health, spirit, co-parenting relationship and pocketbook.

Best Expense Management Solution By Thinking Outside The Box

This is how not to handle expense management in your business. Whilst a substantial part of managing expenses can be compartmentalized into how people make claims, and how those claims are processed, there are times when you’d benefit from thinking outside the box.

To illustrate the point, I’m going to look at telephones, the way your business uses them, and the way changing that can be part of an expense management strategy. Many years ago, in another life, I asked a senior manager how much he spent on line rental and calls for the fax machines in his business. He didn’t know, and asked his secretary to being in the relevant invoices.

She appeared carrying two large ring binders. Looking at them, he asked her for just the fax machine invoices. She pointed at the binders. “Those are the fax machine invoices,” she said.

He had no idea at the scale of the costs involved, and we immediately set about reducing them. And there’s the lesson: Show me any cost you’re not controlling, and I’ll show you an unnecessary expense.

Of course, fax machines are consigned to history with quill pens and carbon paper, but let’s stick with telephones; we still use those. Here are some areas in which you might be spending too much for mobiles, (and here’s the important part) without being aware of it.

1. Data roaming: Set up a company policy that it should be turned off except for short periods to allow emails to be delivered or sent, rather than being on 24/7. Data roaming charges can be high, and can mount significantly if you have a large number of employees travelling

2. Use one company: Don’t have a series of providers. Restricting services to just one allows you to negotiate better deals for new handsets and connectivity

3. Go for VOIP: For office phones there are lots of ways to use the internet to make calls, giving the traditional desktop phone a new lease of life. VOIP stands for Voice Over Internet Protocol, and means there’s no need to have a traditional phone contract, so long as you have good broadband connectivity. Providers of phone systems like this will usually deal with you on a rolling monthly contract, and their systems are extremely, so you can add or subtract handsets almost at will.

4. Be careful with perks. If employees are able to use company phones for personal use (and we’re back to mobiles here), then that permission should be restricted. OK, make short personal calls, but talking for hours to an aunt in Australia, or streaming a box set to a hotel room in Berlin could soon set you back a considerable – and unwelcome – amount.

5. Don’t leave legacies. When an employee leaves the company, make sure to cancel or transfer their part of the phone number, and don’t toss the handset into the back of a drawer. Re-use it, or send it for recycling _ once you’ve cleared any company data from it.

More than just number reduction

Consider the benefits that come alongside mobile phone use, and blurring the distinction between company and private life. When you’ve automated your expenses by implementing a solution based on business expense management software using an app, everyone’s going to need a phone so they can use your system.

Allowing an employee to make personal calls, to that agreed cost limit, might have a payback in loyalty. It might mean they’re more amenable to taking a work-related call out of hours, as part of a bit of give and take – but make sure that you track the benefit so that all the necessary tax is paid. There’s no future in saving money by cheating the taxman.

Applying this kind of thinking to all aspects of your business can make a significant difference to your bottom line, and be a useful ally to your business expense management software.

Travel Insurance Options for Traveling Abroad

Travel insurance is just one of things that are necessary when traveling abroad. Travel insurance can be a very practical solution to providing protection for unexpected emergencies while traveling. This type of insurance protects your investment and allows individuals to travel with peace of mind. There are several options available for going abroad depending on the length and type of trip. Travelers can easily compare plans from leading providers, receive quotes and purchase a plan instantly. Travel insurance can insure against unexpected illness, injury, employment loss, luggage loss and more.

It can provide coverage for Trip Cancellation and Trip Interruption. This insurance provides coverage due to unforeseen illnesses or death. Pre-departure trip cancellation insurance provides protection in the event of the traveler having to cancel flight or hotel reservations due to an immediate member of the family’s death or illness or other covered events. Trip interruption insurance provides benefits if the traveler is unable to continue the covered trip after departure due to covered events. As an option, there are companies that also provide policies that cover cancellation for any reason.

Another option available for travelers insurance is for medical emergencies. This type is beneficial particularly when visiting abroad. Insurance for medical emergencies will provide coverage for doctor visits, medication and even evacuation for medical emergencies. This is particularly important for individuals with chronic conditions or those traveling to underdeveloped countries. Travelers may also have the option of insurance that will provide coverage for tickets that are not refundable and the trip has to be cancelled. Some insurance will even cover missed flights, which can be, a life saver due to delays and overcrowding.

Baggage protection is another type of insurance available. This type of insurance covers direct loss, theft, and damage of your luggage during the covered trip. Travel Accident Protection is another insurance choice that is available. This type of insurance provides coverage for accidental death and dismemberment. This type of insurance provides protection if the traveler is injured in an accident and suffer a loss while covered under this type of plan. A comprehensive travel insurance plan is a great option and a very popular choice for vacationing abroad. This option can provide a wide range of insurance coverage and may even allow travelers to choose what options to incorporate which is why it such a popular choice.

There are several types of companies that offer insurance for travelers. Most travelers prefer to purchase this insurance directly from travel insurance agencies or companies. It is also offered by most companies that offer tours as they generally offer insurance to their clients. Major cruise lines as well offer the option to purchase travel insurance. Cruise line operators usually offer a host of plans to travelers when they schedule a cruise. Travelers can purchase insurance from a travel agent which is very convenient to purchase travel and insurance in one place.

Once you think about the high price of travel and the low price of insurance, this type of insurance is a very reasonable investment. There are plenty of things to worry about when traveling but by protecting your vacation plans with affordable traveling insurance, unforeseen events do not have to be one of them. Since it is not possible to foresee what may happen during travel, a insurance plan is a great value. Travel insurance can slash your losses in numerous situations.